What is CBD?

To understand how cannabidiol (CBD) works you must first understand the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Every mammal, bird, reptile and fish have an endocannabinoid system that is made up of a huge network of cannabinoid receptors.

The endocannabinoid system is one of a handful of receptor systems that touches almost every organ in the human body.

Cannabinoid receptors are membranes in our body’s cells that enable signals to be passed back and forth. There are two types of cannabinoid receptors; CB1 receptors, which are mainly located in the brain, and central nervous system and CB2 receptors; which are spread throughout the peripheral nervous system especially in cells associated with the immune system.
Cannabinoid receptors are activated by biochemicals that our bodies produce endogenously; these are known as endocannabinoids (endo being the ancient Greek word for ‘within’). Our body manufactures endocannabinoids in order to pass messages concerning functions aimed at achieving homeostasis – which is the biological process of maintaining a balanced internal environment.

CBD is what is known as a phytocannabinoid, as it is derived from a plant (phyto). CBD and other phytocannabinoids can affect our bodies in very similar ways to endocannabinoids thus helping us achieve optimum wellbeing. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is found in large concentrations in the trichomes (see pic) of the hemp plant and is one of over 90 bio-compounds known as cannabinoids.

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